Squadron Energy Group`s Australian Industrial Energy Group has signed a long-term lease agreement with NSW Ports for a port site in Port Kembla, 112 km south of Sydney, for the development of the company`s LNG import terminal project. For the toll party, the agreement serves as a physical guarantee of the assets to cover the electricity trading positions. At the same time, commercial assets can be used to extract the “level of volatility” or up that could be present in volatile gas and electricity markets, Feldman said. As part of a toll agreement, the toll company provides fuel to a power plant operator and buys the electricity as a product and then markets it. Feldman said the agreements had begun a significant cog in risk allocation in the sector and were based on a different cost-effectiveness than the original independent electricity projects. Toll agreements are a common feature of the energy sector. Through these agreements, a buyer will supply fuel to an electric generator and in return, the generator will recover the electricity. Although widely used, the United States has recently found that such a toll agreement, when concluded between companies wishing to merge, was contrary to the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, amended by 15 U.C 18a (HSR Act), which resulted in the imposition of significant financial penalties on the purchaser. Although such toll agreements, including provisions that give buyers control over production, are increasingly common in purchasing Energy inbuver Osprey and have had no justification regardless of the transaction.  Indeed, the toll agreement was to expedite FERC`s authorization for the transaction by allowing Duke to prove that it “already controls” Osprey, so that “no new damage could be caused by the direct acquisition of Duke Osprey.”  This case underlines the importance of HSR`s experienced advisor ahead of the acquisition of shares, shares outside the group or assets by all means. Although such toll agreements are becoming more common in the energy sector, parties who have or may have an interest in acquiring the other party to the agreement must ensure that effective beneficiaries of the objective are not covered before complying with the reporting obligations of the Trade Control Act where notification of the HSR is required. Otherwise, the toll agreement can be interpreted as proof of fire and the acquiring person is subject to significant penalties for non-compliance of up to USD 40,654 per day. According to the DOJ, agreements that are entrusted to the economic beneficiary and are executed prior to notification of the HSR and the expiry of the waiting period may be reduced to impact pistols under the HSR Act when they are concluded, while a buyer intends to acquire the destination.
 These types of agreements allow the purchaser to take control of a target and obtain the effects of the combination before the regulators have completed their review of cartels and abuse of dominance.