UCC No. 9-104 — The “Single Code of Trade” section that deals with deposit account control. This section enhances the security interests on deposit accounts as an original guarantee. First, there are two types of account control agreements: assets and liabilities. There are two main forms of DACA, both of which are sufficient for control and perfection under the UCC. A “blocked” control agreement provides that the borrower does not have access to the funds of the (s) account and that the lender has full control of the funds. The more frequent “Springing” control agreement provides that the borrower can access the account or accounts until the lender sends the custodian bank an exclusive notice of control. As a general rule, such disclosure can only be made by the lender if the borrower is late for the underlying loan. Once such a notification has been made, the deposit bank must stop following the borrower`s instructions regarding the deposit account or accounts and follow the lender`s instructions. Typically, a DACA jumping as an exhibition contains a form of exclusive control communication. The lender should obtain a DACA from each third-party bank from which the borrower has a deposit account. A deposit bank that signs a DACA agrees to follow the lender`s instructions regarding the borrower`s money paid, without the borrower taking further action or the borrower`s agreement. Such an agreement gives the lender “control” of the deposit account required for perfection under the UCC.
Advanced Security Interests – During the execution of the DACA, the insured party will be granted an advanced security interest that granted it, under the Single Code of Commerce, exclusive rights to control the debtor`s deposit account. DACs are tripartite agreements between a lender (also known as a guaranteed party), a borrower and a custody institution. The purpose of a DACA is to allow a lender to take control of its borrower`s deposit accounts held by a deposit facility other than the lender, in order to allow the lender to enhance its security interest in deposit accounts. Some DACs are structured so that the lender has exclusive control over deposit accounts immediately after DACA der. Other DADs allow the borrower to access deposits, withdrawals and transfers to deposit accounts until the lender informs the custodian institution that the lender is taking exclusive control and the borrower no longer has access, withdrawn or transferred deposit accounts. For a secure lender, cash is often the most critical piece of security. Borrowers hold cash deposit accounts in a bank. Thus, a lender will want to obtain a sophisticated security interest for these deposit accounts in order to have an advanced security interest in this cash.
Instructions – An instruction to the bank that manages the sale of funds in the account. A lender can establish “control” in one of the following ways: (i) the borrower holds his deposit account directly with the lender; 2. The lender becomes the effective owner of the borrower`s deposit accounts with the borrower`s custodian banks; or (3) the lender and borrower enter into a deposit account control agreement (known as DACA) with the borrower`s deposit bank.